Abstract art uses a visual language of form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world. Western art had been, from the Renaissance up to the middle of the 19th century, underpinned by the logic of perspective and an attempt to reproduce an illusion of visible reality. The arts of cultures other than the European had become accessible and showed alternative ways of describing visual experience to the artist. By the end of the 19th century many artists felt a need to create a new kind of art which would encompass the fundamental changes taking place in technology, science and philosophy. The sources from which individual artists drew their theoretical arguments were diverse, and reflected the social and intellectual preoccupations in all areas of Western culture at that time.

Abstract art, nonobjective art, and nonrepresentational art, are loosely related terms. They are of similar, although perhaps not identical meaning. Abstraction indicates a departure from reality in depiction of imagery in art. This departure from accurate representation can be only slight, or it can be partial, or it can be complete. Abstraction exists along a continuum. Even art that aims for verisimilitude of the highest degree can be said to be abstract, at least theoretically, since perfect representation is likely to be exceedingly elusive. Artwork which takes liberties, altering for instance color and form in ways that are conspicuous, can be said to be partially abstract. Total abstraction bears no trace of any reference to anything recognizable. In geometric abstraction, for instance, one is unlikely to find references to naturalistic entities. Figurative art and total abstraction are almost mutually exclusive. But figurative and representational (or realistic) art often contains partial abstraction. Both Geometric abstraction and Lyrical Abstraction are often totally abstract. Among the very numerous art movements that embody partial abstraction would be for instance fauvism in which color is conspicuously and deliberately altered vis-a-vis reality, and cubism, which blatantly alters the forms of the real life entities depicted.

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Page 5 of 57   Paintings: 673
Words - Maria Jarema - www.abstract-arts.org
Words
Maria Jarema
Betrothal II - Arshile Gorky - www.abstract-arts.org
Betrothal II
Arshile Gorky
Aquarium - Wilhelm Sasnal - www.abstract-arts.org
Aquarium
Wilhelm Sasnal
Grapes - Juan Gris - www.abstract-arts.org
Grapes
Juan Gris
Factory - Preston Dickinson - www.abstract-arts.org
Factory
Preston Dickinson
Black Circle - Kazimir Severinovich Malevich - www.abstract-arts.org
Black Circle
Kazimir Severinovich Malevich
El Rastro 1916 - Diego Rivera - www.abstract-arts.org
El Rastro 1916
Diego Rivera
Drawing after States of Mind: The Farewells, 1912 - Umberto Boccioni - www.abstract-arts.org
Drawing after States of Mind: The Farewells, 1912
Umberto Boccioni
Mask with Moon 1938 - Lajos Vajda - www.abstract-arts.org
Mask with Moon 1938
Lajos Vajda
Colored Forms I - August Macke - www.abstract-arts.org
Colored Forms I
August Macke
Abstraction - Morton Livingston Schamberg - www.abstract-arts.org
Abstraction
Morton Livingston Schamberg
The Packet of Cigars - Juan Gris - www.abstract-arts.org
The Packet of Cigars
Juan Gris

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Page 5 of 57   Paintings: 673